(Gaultheria shallon) Salal was used widely by all of the Northwestern coastal Indians as a staple in their diet. It was eaten both dried in cakes and fresh from the bush. Fully ripe salal berries from robust healthy bushes are flavorful and juicy. If planted in the sun, the beautiful, upright, leathery leaved bush will grow only about 2 feet tall. In the shade it can reach 5-10 feet. Berries are the size of blueberries and are blue-black in color. Space plants 2 feet apart in full sun, 4 feet in shade. USDA Zones 6-9.